Next Step: Foot Care In Connecticut

Posts for tag: turf toe

By contactus@ctfootcare.com
December 05, 2016
Tags: turf toe   Orthotics   Running injuries  

One common running injury often experienced when running is turf toe, also known as “an acute, traumatic bursitis of the first toe-metatarsal joint associated with tendonitis,” attributed to playing on artificial turf. Typically during normal running motions, an athlete would be able to dig his or her big toe into the ground to propel forward, but on artificial turf, the big toe is displaced during the digging motion. This imbalance results from an abnormal pronation, or inward rolling, of the foot. Understanding the risk of injury that results from playing on artificial turf is important toward prevention. Orthotics that aid in balancing the feet can also be considered to decrease the risk of injury.

Running injuries, even with proper precautions, can still occur in many runners. If you are suffering from a running injury, contact one of our podiatrists of Connecticut Foot Care Center, LLC. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber, this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Connecticut. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries

A sesamoid is a bone embedded in a tendon. Sesamoids are found in several joints in the body. In the normal foot, the sesamoids are two pea-shaped bones located in the ball of the foot, beneath the big toe joint.

Acting as a pulley for tendons, the sesamoids help the big toe move normally and provide leverage when the big toe pushes off during walking or running. The sesamoids also serve as a weight-bearing surface for the first metatarsal bone (the long bone connected to the big toe), absorbing the weight placed on the ball of the foot when walking, running, and jumping.

 

Sesamoid injuries can involve the bones, tendons, and/or surrounding tissue in the joint. They are often associated with activities requiring increased pressure on the ball of the foot, such as running, basketball, football, golf, tennis, and ballet. In addition, people with high arches are at risk for developing sesamoid problems. Frequent wearing of high-heeled shoes can also be a contributing factor.

There are three types of sesamoid injuries in the foot:

  • Turf toeThis is an injury of the soft tissue surrounding the big toe joint. It usually occurs when the big toe joint is extended beyond its normal range. Turf toe causes immediate, sharp pain, and swelling. It usually affects the entire big toe joint and limits the motion of the toe. Turf toe may result in an injury to the soft tissue attach to the sesamoid or a fracture of the sesamoid. Sometimes a pop is felt at the moment of injury. 
  • Fracture. A fracture in a sesamoid bone can be either acute or chronic. An acute fracture is caused by trauma- a direct blow or impact to the bone. An acute sesamoid fracture produces immediate pain and swelling at the site of the break, but usually does not affect the entire big toe joint. A chronic fracture is a stress fracture (a hairline break usually caused by repetitive stress or overuse). A chronic sesamoid fracture produces longstanding pain in the ball of the foot beneath the big toe joint. The pain, which tends to come and go, is generally aggravated with activity and relieved with rest.
  • SesamoiditisThis is an overuse injury involving chronic inflammation of the sesamoid bones and the tendons involved with those bones. Sesamoiditis is caused by increased pressure to the sesamoids. Often, sesamoiditis is associated with a dull, longstanding pain beneath the big toe joint. The pain comes and goes, usually occurring with certain shoes or certain activities.

In diagnosing a sesamoid injury, the foot and ankle surgeon will examine the foot, focusing on the big toe joint. The surgeon will press on the big toe, move it up and down, and may assess the patient's walking and evaluate the wear pattern on the patient's shoes. X-rays are ordered, and in some cases, advanced imaging studies may be ordered.

Non-surgical treatment for sesamoid injuries of the foot may include one or more of the following options, depending on the type of injury and degree of severity:

  • Padding, strapping, or taping. A pad may be placed in the shoe to cushion the inflamed sesamoid area, or the toe may be taped or strapped to relieve that area of tension. 
  • Immobilization. The foot may be placed in a cast or removable walking cast. Crutches may be used to prevent placing weight on the foot.
  • Oral medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, are often helpful in reducing the pain and inflammation.
  • Physical therapy. The rehabilitation period following immobilization sometimes includes physical therapy, such as exercises (range-of-motion, strengthening, and conditioning), and ultrasound therapy. 
  • Steroid injections. In some cases, cortisone is injected in the joint to reduce pain and inflammation. 
  • Orthotic devices. Custom orthotic devices that fit into the shoe may be prescribed for long-term treatment of sesamoiditis to balance the pressure placed on the ball of the foot.

When sesamoid injuries fail to respond to non-surgical treatment, surgery may be required. The podiatrist will determine the type of procedure that is best suited to the individual patient.

If you believe you have sesamoiditis, call one of our six locations to make an appointment. 

Connecticut Foot Care Centers

Podiatrists in CT

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