Calluses are caused by the buildup of lifeless skin cells that thicken on the skin of the foot and are generally found on the heel. They are caused by a reaction to friction. When you sustain consecutive injuries, the skin tries to protect itself from blistering and the skin cells surge in quantity to produce a denser layer of skin. Usual reasons for the formation of this condition are shoes with high heels, being overweight, deformities in the foot or even flat feet. Basically, the formation of calluses are a defense mechanism by the foot to defend the foot against high levels of stress. A dangerous form of treatment to reduce pain is when those afflicted with this condition try to cut or trim the callus with a sharp blade. This method of self-treatment could make the calluses worse and lead to further risk of unnecessary complications or injuries. Diabetics should absolutely avoid this form of self-treatment. Contact our offices to learn about proper ways to treat your calluses and how we can ensure a pain free solution.
Orthotics can be used very effectively to reduce extreme amounts of pressure that cause callus formation, because they allow weight to be reallocated equally. This is done by orthotics transferring pressure away from the areas of high pain to allow the callus to heal by using materials that absorb the forces of pressure placed on the foot. Surgery is always the last option, but those who decide to neglect treatment will require it since calluses get worse with pressure focused on specific areas of the foot. Jeffrey S. Kahn, D.P.M., Richard E. Ehle, D.P.M., Craig M. Kaufman, D.P.M. and Ayman M. Latif, D.P.M., will assist you with determining the right course of treatment and/or surgery at the Connecticut Foot Care Centers, LLC, located in Rocky Hill, Bristol, Middletown, Glastonbury, Newington and Kensington, Connecticut. Don’t forget that calluses are a defense mechanism and will usually form when an unequal amount of severe pressure focuses on a specific area of the foot. This is hard to avoid for those of you that stand on your feet for a great amount of time during the day.