Very few athletes are unfamiliar with this term. For that matter, most of us at some time in our lives have formed that wondrous, yet ill-appreciated lesion which forms in response to excessive heat and friction. In the earlier stage of formation, blisters will be reddened areas of irritation or hot spots. They will have definite burning sensations and will actually be warm to touch. In cases of continued activity, a clear watery fluid will seep into the area and the outer covering of skin will separate leaving a true problem. New shoes, ill-fitting shoes, and just excessive walking can produce blisters in just about anyone.
Although blisters may seem simple enough, they can spell trouble. First of all, they can cause disability to such a point that a person cannot walk without pain. Secondly, blisters have somehow notoriously invited improper treatment often resulting in infection and further problems. Bathroom surgery without a license and with non-sterile instruments is indeed an open invitation to complications.
The outer layer of the blister should be left intact. It is a natural body defense shield against infection and greatly reduces the discomfort of the underlying raw tissue. In an office setting and with sterile instruments, the fluid is painlessly drained and an adequate lubricating type of medication applied to protect the blister. In about 24-48 hours the blister pain is gone and a layer of revitalized skins begins to form. It should be emphasized that blisters should not be ignored or treated carelessly.
Blisters on the feet can be prevented by wearing comfortable, well-fitting shoes and clean socks. Blisters are more likely to develop on skin that is moist, so moisture-absorbing socks or frequent sock changes will aid those with particularly sweaty feet. While exercising or playing sport, special sports socks can help keep feet drier and reduce the chance of blister.
Before going on a long walk, it is important to ensure that shoes have been broken in. If a hot area on the foot is felt, applying a protective non medicated pad over the area can prevent the formation of a blister.